Try this now: go to Google and type in “when is it ok to cut marketing budget”. I’ll wait.
Were you surprised by the results?
That was exactly the search I did before writing this post. I had some thoughts on the matter but I wanted to see what other people had to say. I figured I could find one or two things to agree with – or argue against.
But that didn’t happen. Instead, I got a laundry list of articles about why it’s NOT ok to cut marketing budget. Ever.
I thought maybe I wasn’t asking the right question. So I tried “safe places to cut marketing budget”. Because really, it’s not about cutting out marketing so much as about finding ways to save money doing it.
You can try that one, too, but I’ll save you the time: you’ll get the same results.
Don’t cut marketing don’t cut marketing period end of story don’t cut marketing.
I’ve heard that before. I’ve said that before. But when I think about my small business clients, the ones who are struggling through a less-than-stellar local economy, the ones who would love to pay me to build them an awesome website or manage an awesome blog or do some awesome social marketing if they could just make payroll first… I know that the advice to “not cut marketing” rings a little hollow.
Sometimes there is a practical reality to how much money you can squeeze out of a stone.
Part of being a good marketing consultant is knowing when to advise clients to spend money and when to advise them to hold onto it. And while it’s never a good idea to cut marketing entirely, there are certainly more cost-effective ways you can do it.
Here are some places you can compromise – and some you shouldn’t – if you want effective marketing.
DON’T CUT: Planning & Strategy
True: most business owners that I talk to are caught in the weeds of tactics but have no strategy for what they’re doing.
They send out emails, pour hours into social status updates, build a website and then run around trying to keep up with it all.
Today a direct mailer, tomorrow a networking event. Another day some “SEO stuff”.
The end result is usually no results. Or not enough to make all that mayhem worthwhile.
They feel overwhelmed by marketing, underwhelmed by outcomes and don’t know what to do.
My advice? Stop!
Stop, think, plan and figure out not only what you’re doing but why.
If you’re going to spend money on marketing, use it to hire a consultant or coach who can help you plan from a 10,000-foot view. You may end up doing all the legwork yourself – updating your website, putting together your emails, writing those status updates – but at least you’ll be doing them with a purpose.
Another important aspect of planning is measuring results. A consultant can help you put stopgaps in place so that you can see how well a tactic is working and then decide wisely whether to continue with it or try something else.
You wouldn’t believe how many people are stuck in “I have to post to Facebook” mentality but when I ask them what kind of results they’re getting, they roll their eyes and say, “None.” Or worse, “I don’t know.”
Insert “I have to be on Twitter” or “I have to send out an email every week” or “I have to blog every day”. It doesn’t matter what the tactic is. If it’s not getting results, stop.
But before you stop… hire a consultant! It could be that you’re just not strategizing around a particular tactic. Posting stuff to Facebook – or tweeting or emailing or blogging – is only as good as your plan.
When you have a plan and you’re measuring results, only then can you determine the best and most effective places to spend your time and money.
DO CUT: Custom Web Design
There’s a lot that goes into building a website. Planning (of course!), design, optimization, writing. And while you shouldn’t skimp on building a good site, you can save some money on design.
With WordPress themes these days, you can have a nicely designed website right out of the box for the cost of the theme – often around $50 for a good, premium theme.
It may not look like the unique snowflake that you are but with competent custom designs running upwards into the thousands of dollars, it’s a viable alternative if you’re looking to invest your budget elsewhere.
Notice I said “competent” custom design. You can probably hire a designer for a few hundred dollars but at that point you’re better off with a WordPress theme.
Many themes can be customized to look a little less “out of the box”, too. You can change colors, fonts, layouts and of course add your own content, videos and photography to give it personality.
And if you have a competent developer, he’ll be able to customize it a little further so that your un-custom design can end up looking pretty spiffy.
DON’T CUT: Writing
Remember that website you were saving money on? Well here’s where you should spend that budget: good writing.
If you’re not a writer, hire one. Even if you write your content yourself, at least hire a good editor who can help you strengthen your writing, focus it on the right audience and incorporate good stuff like keywords, benefits and calls to action.
There are two good reasons to hire a writer or editor and one has to do with marketing and one doesn’t.
First, the marketing reason. A good writer will not write so much as mind-read. It’s a writer’s job to get into your head and to understand your business, your customers and your products or services. The trick to writing well is not to spell correctly and use proper grammar (though those things help!) but to convey information in a way that speaks directly from you to your audience.
All of that great information is in your head. Nobody knows your business and your customers like you do. But lots of business owners can’t translate all that brilliance onto paper.
And that’s ok – that’s not your job.
Your job is to educate your writer. Your writer’s job is to make sure your message is clear, benefit-driven, customer-focused and leads people to the right end – like buying your product, signing up for your trial service or joining your email list.
The second reason to hire a writer, which has nothing to do with marketing, is because you’re just too close to the subject.
Believe me when I tell you that the hardest thing for me to write is my own stuff. For example, I write LinkedIn profiles for people all the time. I crank those babies out like nobody’s business! And yet it took me six weeks, ten revisions and four editors before I could do my own.
When you’re that close to something, you not only can’t see it clearly but you are your own worst critic. And at some point, that hyper-perfection is going to cost you.
DO CUT: Kitsch And “Throwaway” Stuff
There are some things that businesses do for their marketing just because that’s what businesses do for their marketing. In other words: for no good reason.
I made this a bit of a catchall category but here are some of the things it can include: branded pens. Branded mugs. Branded anything. Brochures. Yes, brochures.
I’ve rarely met a business owner who didn’t have a stack of several hundred brochures somewhere in a mildewy cabinet along with the bleach and maybe a few leftover pens.
Every so often they’ll update and print a new batch that go into the closet.
I suppose it’s a leftover from pre-internet days when you had to “leave something behind” after a business meeting. If you’ve got an email address and can send someone a link to your website, that’s all you need to leave behind.
I’m not saying brochures are always useless but… well, they’re mostly always useless. And they aren’t inexpensive, so if you’re looking to save on budget, skip the writing/design/print job and invest elsewhere.
Pens. Don’t get me started on pens. I did a little experiment as I was writing this and looked in my drawers. I have a pen from a dentist. And a deli. And from my bank. And the last cruise ship we were on. And a hotel I stayed at once, eight years ago. I’ve stayed at lots of hotels since then and it never once occurred to me to call the one on the pen.
I guess if you’re a hotel chain and you put pens into people’s drawers (that you know they’re going to pilfer anyway) you might as well brand them. But for us small businesses? Pointless.
I’ve got mouse pads from at least half a dozen local businesses. USB drives from another dozen. Not long ago Ralph and I did a mass cleanup of our kitchen cabinets and dumped an entire shelf of mugs from [insert random businesses that I don’t remember here].
This stuff may not break the bank but it does cost money. And if you can’t afford to hire a writer or a consultant, maybe you just need to stop buying kitsch.
DON’T CUT: A Good Website
We talked about saving money on design but there’s more to a site than what it looks like. Just because you can grab a nice-looking WordPress theme and install it yourself doesn’t mean you should.
We also touched on writing – and part of a good website is good, quality writing – but there’s even more to a site than that.
There’s actually quite a lot that goes into building a good website and I bet you don’t know what most of that is.
And that’s exactly the way it should be… because, as I said earlier, that’s not your job.
Your job is to run your business. If you’re bogged down in the minutia of ALT tags and canonical URLs then you’re not doing your job.
Part of your job is also to hire a competent developer and that can be a challenge all by itself. We’ve dispensed plenty of advice on the topic before. And you can’t cheap out on a developer. You can’t hire the $20/hour freelancer to build you an effective marketing website. Because there is a difference between building a website and building an effective website.
Ralph teaches college students to build websites every day. With one lesson in HTML, another in CSS and a couple of hours to tinker around online, students in their first and second years of college can have a fully hand-coded site running within days.
Hand them a tool like WordPress and they can do it in hours.
Does that mean you should hire one of his students to build your business website? Give them a few years… and maybe. But right now they may have the mechanics of a site down but not the nuances.
And there are plenty of nuances!
Without a professional to guide you, you may have a lovely site that fails to convert. Or even a well-written one that can’t be found in search. Your forms may malfunction. It may not work well – or at all – on mobile devices.
So while it’s ok to stay simple on design, don’t make the mistake of thinking that’s all there is to a website. Find someone who can help you use your site, not just as a beautiful showpiece or a mechanical bit of technology, but as an integral part of your marketing.
DO CUT: Social Marketing
But isn’t social marketing free? And isn’t that where all the people are? And isn’t that where your customers expect to see you?
Don’t hyperventilate, but… maybe not.
The problems with social marketing are numerous. There’s the “it’s free” problem, which wasn’t true even when it was closer to true. While it may be free to create a Facebook page or Twitter account, there is time involved in managing and maintaining those accounts. When it comes to Facebook and how few of your fans will ever see anything you post, there may very well be money involved if you actually want your content to be seen.
There’s the “noise” problem, which is making it harder for businesses to get noticed. And as a result of the noise, businesses have been making even more noise to try to be heard above it all. Business owners are running around like mad, curating content, being a “resource” of information, staying “top of mind”. All for the sake of saying that they’re “doing marketing”. And probably because someone told them to.
There’s also the effectiveness problem. So few people are looking at the results of their social efforts. What is the net result of all those tweets? Those Facebook posts?
“It’s a branding thing.”
“I just want my name out there.”
Much social media marketing done by small businesses is directionless, strategy-less and profitless. That doesn’t mean it can’t work, but when you’re dealing with budget concerns and looking to do more than add to the cacophony in the marketing-verse, it might be time to ditch the 1% of your 200 fans that you actually reach with that “curated” post and try something else.
Spend your time on a great blog post (which of course gives you plenty of fodder for social sharing if you are so inclined!) Spend your money on a writer who can help with a good email campaign.
Close your Twitter account. Your 60 fake followers won’t mind.
Seriously, you are allowed to actually quit social marketing, or at least some of it. There are social networks everywhere and you don’t have to be on every one.
The Bottom Line: Watch Yours!
There are ways to spend money wisely and ways to waste it. And it’s not always apparent which are which. The problem is that you’re bound to find some “expert” somewhere who tells you this and another who tells you that.
There’s probably a web designer out there right now cringing because I just told you not to waste money on custom design. Heck, my designer isn’t too happy about that!
But as much as you may want the best of everything, there is a practical reality to running a business and if you’ve got to shave a few bucks here and there, better to do it smartly and focus your budget where it will have the most impact.
And as a parting bit of advice, the best thing you can learn to do for your budget and your business is ask one simple question:
The next time someone tells you to send out an email or write a blog or post a tweet, ask why. Ask what it will do for you. And get a good answer!